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TOEFL EXERCISE 1-3

04 Apr

Choose the letter of the underlined word of group of words that is not correct

1. Nobody (a) know when the (b) process of glass-making (c) was (d) invented.

> The incorrect word  is A know

> “Nobody” is singular subject, but verb “know” is plural. So it’s incorrect, “know” should be followed by “s/es” because “Nobody” is singular.

> The correct sentence : Nobody knows when the process of glass-making was invented.

2. The languages of the world (a) presents a vast (b) array of structural (c) similarities and (d) differences.

> The incorrect word is A presents

> The languages is a plural subject that agree with the plural verb (doesn’t need to be followed by s/es).

> The correct sentence: The languages of the world present a vast array of structural similarities and differences.

3. The rise of multinationals (a) have (b) resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity multinationals (c) can (d) operate in so many jurisdictions.

> The incorrect word is A Have

> “The rise” is singular subject, but verb “have” is plural. So it’s incorrect, “Have” should be “Has” because “The rise” is singular.

> The correct sentence: The rise of multinationals has resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions.

4. All of the east—west interstate highways in the United States (a) has even (b) numbers while north – south interstate highways (c) are (d) odd-numbered

> The incorrect word is A Has

> ” the east—west interstate highways” is plural, but verb “has” is singular. So it’s incorrect, “Has” should be “Have” because “the east—west interstate highways” is plural.

> The correct sentence : All of the east—west interstate highways in the United States have even numbers while north – south interstate highways are odd-numbered

5. (a) When a massive star in the large Magellanic Cloud (b) exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos (c) were  (d) detected on Earth.

> The incorrect word is C were

> “A wave of neutrinos” is singular Subject, but verb “were” is plural. So it’s incorrect, “Ware” should be “Was” because “A wave of neutrinos” is singular.

> The correct sentence : When a massive star in the large Magellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos was detected on Earth.

6. Every open space in the (a) targeted area that (b) has grass and a few bushes (c) are (d) occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.

> The incorrect word is C Are

> “Every open space” is singular Subject, but verb “Are” is plural. So it’s incorrect, “Are” should be “Is” because “Every open space” is singular.

> The correct sentence : Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes is occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.

7. Krakatoa (a) is remembered as the volcano that (b) put so much ash into the air that sunsets around the world (c) was affected for two years (d) afterward.

> The incorrect word is B Put

> “the volcano” is uncountable noun/singular, but verb “put” is plural. So it’s incorrect, “put” should be followed by “+s” because “the volcano” is singular.

> The correct sentence : Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that puts so much ash into the air that sunsets around the world was affected for two years afterward

8. The term “Yankee” (a) was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States (b) are (c) referred (d) to as a Yankee.

> The incorrect word is B are

> “Anyone” is singular, but verb “Are” is plural. So it’s incorrect, “Are” should be “Is” because “Anyone” is singular.

> The correct sentence : The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States is referred to as a Yankee.

9. A network of small arteries, mostly (a) sandwiched between the skin and the (b) underlying muscles, (c) supply (d) blood to the face and scalp.

> The incorrect word is C supply

> “A network of small arteries” is singular subject, but verb “Supply” is plural. So it’s incorrect, “Supply” should be followed by “+es” because “A network of small arteries” is singular.

> The correct sentence: A network of small arteries, mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles, supplies blood to the face and scalp.

10. Mesquite (a) is a (b) small tree in the Southwest (c) who can (d) withstand the severest drought.

> The incorrect word is (D) withstand

> Mesquite is a singular subject that agrees with the singular verb, so the verb must be followed by s/es.

> The correct sentence : Mesquite is a small tree in the Southwest who can withstands the severest drought

 
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Posted by on April 4, 2012 in TUGAS

 

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